Мавзӯъ ва мундариҷаи ғоявии «Гулистон» — и Саъдии Шерозӣ — Донишхона

Мавзӯъ ва мундариҷаи ғоявии «Гулистон» — и Саъдии Шерозӣ

Мавзӯъ: МАВЗУЪ ВА МУНДАРИҶАИ ҒОЯВИИ  «ГУЛИСТОН»-И САЪДИИ ШЕРОЗӢ          

Нақша:

Муқаддима

  1. Мухтасари тарҷумаи қоли шоир
  2. Мақоми панду ҳикмат дар «Гулистон»

а)        эҳтироми устод;

б)        некӣ кардан;

в)         дӯст ба даст овардан;

г)         дигар мавзӯъҳои ахлоқӣ

Хулоса

Саъдии Шерозӣ яке аз шоирони ғазалсарои адабиёти классикии форсу тоҷик ба шумор меравад. У дар таърихи адабиёт ҳамчун устоди газал ва панду ҳикмат эътироф гардидааст. Ба ақидаи устод Садриддин Аӣнӣ, Саъдӣ шоир ва нависандаи рӯӣиҷаҳонист.

Падар ва гузаштагони Саъдӣ аз аҳли форс буда, аз амалдорони хурди дарбори Саъд бинни Зангӣ ҳисоб меёфтаанд. Тахаллуси шоирии ӯ низ шояд аз ҳамин сабаб бошад. Таҳсилоти ибтидоиро дар зодгоҳи худ гирифта, баъдан барои қдомаи таҳсил ба марказҳои илмии ҳамон давра-шаҳри Бағдод меравад.

Бо сабаби он ки ватани шоир осудаву ором набуд, ӯ дар ҷавонӣ зодгоҳи худро тарк менамояд. Вале меҳру муҳаббати ватани азизаш ӯро ранҷу азоб медодаанд:

Саъдиё, ҳубби ватан гарчи ҳадисест тариф,

Натавон мурд ба хорӣ, ки мал ин цо зодам.

Баъди таҳсили илм дар мадрасаҳо, Саъдӣ саӣру саёҳат ва сафари мамлакатҳо ва дар баӣни халқҳо буданро ба худ ихтиёр мекунад. Саӣру сафарҳои Саъдӣ ба кишварҳои Араб, Эрон, Туркия ва Рум, ба қавле, 30 сол тӯл кашидааст. У баъди сафарҳои дуру дароз хулосаи сафарҳои худро дар асари «Гултстон» ва «Бӯстон» ҷамъбаст менамояд. Бештари ҳикояҳои «Гулистош^РР ҳангоми сафарҳои худ ҷамъоварӣ намудааст. Асари «Гулисто^и Саъдӣ дар мероси адабии шоир аз ҷиҳати таърихи эҷод дуюмин асар мебошад. Шоир ин асари худро соли 1258 эҷод намудааст. «Гулистон» асари насрист, вале насри мусаҷҷаъ, яъне қофцадор Саъдӣ сабаби навиштани асари хешро таъкид намуда, дар бораи беҳуда нагузаронидани вақт ва фоида^<?]К истифода намудани

онро барои наели ҷавон таъкид менамояд. Маснавии «Гулистон»- II Саъдӣ саршори ҳикояҳои пандуахлоқӣ буда, мардумонро ба некиву накӯкорӣ, ростиву росткорӣ, дӯстиву рафоқат даъват менамояд. Ғояи асосии маснавии «Гулистон» панду андарз маҳсуб мешавад ва он аз ҳикоятҳои хурд-хурд иборат аст. «Гулистон» мавзӯъҳои гуногунро дар бар мегирад. Яке аз бобҳои «Гулистон» дар бораи ҳурмату эҳтироми устод-муаллим ҳикоят менамояд. Саъдӣ эҳтироми устодро аз ҳама боло мегузорад: Подшоҳе писар ба мактаб дод, Лавҳи симин-ш дар капор нщод. Бар сари лавҳи у навишта ба зар: «Ҷабри устод беҳ зи меҳри падар!»

Дар бораи бевафоии дунё мулоҳиза ронда, мегӯяд, ки инсон бояд фурсатро ғанимат шуморад ва вақтро барои кори муфид сарф намояд. Яке аз ин корҳои муфид барои инсон ин некӣ кардан аст.

Некиву накӯкорӣ, аз нигоҳи Саъдӣ, яке аз хислатҳои хуби инсонӣ ба шумор меравад. Аъмоли неки мардумон ба онҳо умри ҷовидонӣ мебахшад:

Зиндаву ҷовид монд, ҳар к-у накуном зист,

К-аз ақибаш зикри хаӣр зинда кунад номро.

Шоир шахеи инсондӯстро хеле таърифу тавсиф намуда, ба ӯ эҳтироми самимӣ мегузорад:

Ба даст овардани дунё ҳунар нест,

Якеро, гар тавонӣ, дил ба даст ор!

Пояи асосии маснавии «Гулистон» тарғибу ташвиқи шоҳи одил, адлу инсоф, маърифатпарварӣ ва таърифу тавсифи сирати подшоҳон мебошад. Фикру ақидаҳои пандуахлоқии шоир барои тарбияи наели навраси ҷомеаи мо низ аҳамияти бузурги тарбиявӣ дорад. Саъдӣ зебоии ботинии инсонро дар ягонагии акду фаросати ӯ, дар донишандӯзӣ, меҳнатдӯстӣ, ростгӯӣӣ ва ёриву бародарӣ мебинад. «Гулистон» дар таърихи адабиёти классикии форсу тоҷик ҳамчун бузургтарин ёдгории бадеци асри XIII шинохтаву эътироф карда шудааст, ки аҳамияти тарбиявии дхлоқии худро то имрӯз аз даст надодааст. Мурод аз офаридани «Гулистон» панду андарз будааст, ки худи шоир низ дар ин бора фармудааст:

Муроди мо насиҳат буду гуфтем, Ҳаволат бо Худо кардему рафтем.

Мавзӯъ ва мундариҷаи ғоявии «Гулистон» — и Саъдии Шерозӣ: 90 комментариев

  • в
    Permalink

    Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue along with your website in web explorer, might
    test this? IE still is the marketplace chief and a huge section of other people will miss your great
    writing because of this problem.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    My brother recommended I might like this web site.

    He was entirely right. This post truly made my day.
    You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this
    info! Thanks!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Unquestionably imagine that that you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be at the net
    the easiest factor to have in mind of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while
    people think about concerns that they just do not know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top as smartly
    as outlined out the whole thing without having side
    effect , folks could take a signal. Will probably be again to get more.

    Thank you

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Excellent site you have here but I was curious about if you
    knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics discussed
    here? I’d really like to be a part of community
    where I can get feed-back from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Everything is very open with a very clear description of the issues.
    It was really informative. Your website is extremely helpful.
    Thanks for sharing!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    My brother suggested I may like this blog. He was once totally
    right. This submit truly made my day. You cann’t
    imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thank you!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Great post. I used to be checking continuously this weblog and
    I am inspired! Extremely useful info particularly the ultimate section :
    ) I take care of such info much. I used to be looking
    for this particular info for a very long time.
    Thank you and good luck.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Nice blog right here! Also your web site rather
    a lot up very fast! What host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your
    associate link in your host? I desire my website loaded
    up as fast as yours lol

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and
    I am inspired! Extremely useful info specifically the ultimate section 🙂
    I take care of such information a lot. I was looking for this certain information for a long time.
    Thanks and good luck.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    magnificent post, very informative. I wonder why the other specialists of this sector
    do not notice this. You should proceed your writing.
    I’m sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hey! I understand this is somewhat off-topic however
    I had to ask. Does managing a well-established website such as yours require a massive amount work?
    I’m completely new to writing a blog but I do write in my
    journal everyday. I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my own experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of recommendations or tips for brand
    new aspiring blog owners. Appreciate it!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Howdy would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re using?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering which blog platform
    are you using for this site? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform.

    I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    If some one wants to be updated with latest technologies after that he must be visit this website and be up to
    date all the time.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi there Dear, are you in fact visiting this site daily, if so after that you will without doubt obtain fastidious experience.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog
    and was curious what all is required to get set up?

    I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
    I’m not very web savvy so I’m not 100% sure. Any recommendations
    or advice would be greatly appreciated. Kudos

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice,
    keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to
    come back down the road. Cheers

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Great blog here! Also your web site loads up very fast! What host are
    you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Good day! Would you mind if I share your blog with
    my facebook group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your content.

    Please let me know. Thank you

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi there! This post couldn’t be written any better! Going through
    this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
    He constantly kept preaching about this. I am going to forward this
    post to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    It’s an amazing piece of writing for all the internet people; they will take advantage from it I
    am sure.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to
    say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all
    I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hello there, I discovered your blog by way of Google at the same time as looking for
    a related topic, your site came up, it appears great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, just was aware of your weblog through Google, and located that it is truly informative.
    I’m going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful when you proceed this in future.
    Many other people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after going through some of the articles I
    realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m certainly happy I stumbled upon it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you need any coding
    expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    It’s remarkable in support of me to have a web site, which is beneficial
    for my know-how. thanks admin

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Do you have a spam problem on this site; I also am a blogger, and
    I was wanting to know your situation; many of us have developed some nice procedures and we are looking to trade strategies with others, be sure to shoot me an email if interested.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Very good site you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any community forums that cover the same
    topics talked about here? I’d really like to be a part of online community where I can get responses from
    other experienced individuals that share the
    same interest. If you have any recommendations, please
    let me know. Thanks a lot!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Greetings! I know this is kinda off topic but I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe
    guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa? My blog
    addresses a lot of the same subjects as yours and I believe
    we could greatly benefit from each other. If you might be interested feel free
    to send me an email. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Excellent blog by the way!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Terrific post however , I was wondering if you could write a litte
    more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little
    bit more. Thanks!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Why visitors still make use of to read news papers when in this technological globe the whole thing is presented on web?

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Amazing blog! Do you have any suggestions for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you suggest starting with a free platform like WordPress or
    go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..
    Any tips? Thanks a lot!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    I have fun with, lead to I discovered exactly what I
    was looking for. You have ended my four day long
    hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    It’s difficult to find experienced people on this topic, however, you seem like you know what
    you’re talking about! Thanks

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    hey there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up something
    new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this website,
    as I experienced to reload the website many times previous to I could get it to load properly.
    I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Not that I am
    complaining, but slow loading instances times
    will often affect your placement in google and can damage your quality
    score if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my email and can look
    out for much more of your respective fascinating content. Make sure you update this again soon.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hello, its pleasant article on the topic of
    media print, we all know media is a wonderful source
    of information.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Spending some time and actual effort to produce a great article…
    but what can I say… I put things off a whole lot and never manage to get nearly anything
    done.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Awesome site you have here but I was curious if you knew of any
    community forums that cover the same topics talked about in this article?
    I’d really love to be a part of group where I can get feed-back from other knowledgeable people that share the same interest.

    If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Kudos!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    That is very interesting, You’re an excessively professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and look forward to searching for extra of your excellent post.
    Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi there, all the time i used to check blog posts
    here early in the break of day, as i love to gain knowledge of more and more.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi there, yup this article is really good and I have learned lot of things from it concerning blogging.
    thanks.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    I feel this is one of the most important information for me.
    And i am satisfied reading your article. However want
    to commentary on few common issues, The site taste is perfect, the articles is actually nice : D.
    Excellent process, cheers

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hello! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you
    know how to make your site mobile friendly? My weblog looks weird when browsing from my iphone.
    I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to resolve this issue.
    If you have any recommendations, please share. With thanks!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    What’s up, its fastidious article regarding media print, we all be familiar with
    media is a great source of facts. pof natalielise

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I seriously enjoyed reading it, you are a great
    author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and will often come back very soon. I
    want to encourage continue your great work, have a nice holiday weekend!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    I want to to thank you for this great read!!

    I definitely loved every bit of it. I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post…

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Excellent web site you’ve got here.. It’s difficult
    to find quality writing like yours nowadays. I
    honestly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a
    amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you!

    However, how could we communicate?

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hi, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your website in Ie, it looks fine but when opening in Internet
    Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you
    a quick heads up! Other then that, superb blog!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as
    though you relied on the video to make your point. You definitely
    know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something enlightening
    to read?

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hello, of course this article is actually nice and I have learned lot of things from it regarding blogging.
    thanks.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Howdy I am so happy I found your weblog, I
    really found you by error, while I was researching on Askjeeve for something else, Regardless
    I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all
    at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
    read more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Yesterday, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a
    40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation.
    My apple ipad is now destroyed and she has 83 views. I know this is entirely off topic but I had to share it
    with someone!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Helpful information. Lucky me I discovered your site
    unintentionally, and I’m stunned why this accident
    did not took place in advance! I bookmarked it.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Great post. I was checking continuously this weblog and I’m inspired!
    Extremely helpful info specially the last phase 🙂 I maintain such information much.
    I used to be seeking this particular information for a long time.

    Thank you and best of luck. pof natalielise

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    I seriously love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme.
    Did you create this web site yourself? Please reply back
    as I’m looking to create my own blog and would love to know where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called.
    Cheers!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers?

    I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve
    worked hard on. Any suggestions?

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    It’s hard to find knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about!
    Thanks

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to
    be on the net the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think
    about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the
    top as well as defined out the whole thing without having
    side-effects , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.

    Thanks

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it
    seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You obviously know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you
    could be giving us something informative to read?

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    What’s up everyone, it’s my first pay a visit at this web page, and post is
    genuinely fruitful for me, keep up posting these types of articles.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    It’s awesome to go to see this website and reading the views
    of all colleagues concerning this article, while I am also eager of getting knowledge.

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hey there! I know this is somewhat off-topic however I
    had to ask. Does running a well-established website such as yours take
    a lot of work? I am brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my journal everyday.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my own experience and thoughts
    online. Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips
    for new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

    Ответ
  • в
    Permalink

    Hello! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your
    site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when browsing from my iphone 4.
    I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to
    correct this problem. If you have any suggestions, please share.
    With thanks!

    Ответ

Добавить комментарий

Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *